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Rosen was an agronomist and official of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. Rosen in his official capacity as a Director of the Agro-Joint. As one of the authors of the AJDC Reconstruction program, Joseph A.In the 1920s and 1930s he organized and coordinated relief activities for impoverished Jews in the Soviet Union. Rosen was a director of the American Jewish Joint Agricultural Corporation (Agro-Joint) that tried to develop Jewish settlements and assisted with organization of Jewish factories, cooperatives, schools, and health care facilities. The collection contains agreements between Agro-Joint and the Soviet government, reports, and field observations of the agronomists and officials of the relief organizations, particularly of the Agro-Joint, technical reports and documentation necessary for development and financial sustainability of the Jewish settlements. He studied agronomic sciences in Russia and Germany. Rosen was exiled to Siberia for his political involvement with the Russian Social-Democratic Party (). Rosen began to import from the United States corn seed and modern machinery, especially tractors, to help the Jewish colonies in the Ukraine.In his reports to the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee he recommended full support for a massive colonization program. The American Jewish Joint Agricultural Corporation, known also as the Agro-Joint, was established by the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee as its operating agency in the Soviet Union on July 17, 1924 with the aim of carrying on and developing on a large scale the land settlement of Jews in the Soviet Union.When the American Jewish Joint Agricultural Corporation (Agro-Joint) was founded in 1924, Joseph A. In this capacity he served until the last years of his life. The Agro-Joint was also to conduct non-agricultural activities such as general relief, professional training and, especially in the 1930s, industrialization.Under the auspices of KOMZET, a semi-voluntary All-Union Society for Land Settlement of Jewish Workers in the USSR (, OZET) was also organized in January 1925 with the aim of promoting the idea of colonization among Jewish masses and recruiting new settlers.
This agency, established by the government on August 29, 1924, was to have an over-all control over the colonization process.
Due to the discouraging political atmosphere in the Soviet Union, this plan was eventually abandoned by the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (AJDC) leadership.